Have you ever heard the term ‘bisexual’? Bisexual is a type of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) sexual orientation group.
Using the word ‘bi’ which means two, bisexual is a condition of someone who has emotional and sexual attraction to more than one gender or gender. Both for those who have the same gender (homosexual) or with a different gender (heterosexual).
Come on, let’s see more about what bisexuality is!
Bisexual: Not a Mental Disorder
Bisexual itself was originally a term coined by a neurologist Charles Gilbert Chaddock in 1892. This term was used by Charles referring to the translation of Psychopathia Sexualis by Richard von Krafft Ebing to describe the condition of sexual attraction in both men and women. However, in this condition even in the decade of a century, bisexual sexual orientation is still seen as a sexually deviant condition and is treated with various treatment efforts that are far from the norm of humanity.
The shift in views towards bisexual orientation began in 1948 through research conducted by Alfred Kinsey, a behavioral scientist who stated that the conditions of sexuality and sexual attraction could not be grouped only through two polarized binary boxes. According to Kinsey, through the Kinsey scale, sexual orientation is both a continuum and a spectrum. The discovery that the average individual has a sexual orientation in the middle of a continuum or spectrum led Kinsey to believe that there is a bisexual orientation.
Prior to 1973, bisexual conditions and various sexual orientations including LGBT groups were included in the group of mental disorders defined by the American Psychological Association (APA). After going through various developments and further research, in 1973, the APA through the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM) III no longer included homosexuality and other sexual orientations as a mental disorder. This is a diagnostic guideline for all practitioners of psychology in the world, including in Indonesia. Through the Guidelines for Classification and Diagnosis of Mental Disorders (PPDGJ) II in 1983, homosexuals and other orientations are no longer categorized as mental disorders.
Bisexuals and People at Risk for Mental Disorders (ODMK)
Although bisexual and various other sexual orientation groups are no longer included in the classification of mental disorders, PPDGJ groups them into People at Risk for Mental Disorders (ODMK). Through Law no. 18 of 2014 concerning Mental Health, ODMK is defined as a condition experienced by a person who has physical, mental, social, growth and development problems and/or quality of life so that he has a risk of mental disorders.
ODMK is different from a diagnosis condition or known as People With Mental Disorders (ODGJ). The classification of bisexual conditions and other LGBT groups in the ODMK classification is not mentioned for the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders but rather places a person as a group at risk. This condition is the same as someone who experiences poverty or conditions of natural disasters.
The presence of various stigmas and rejections makes bisexual and LGBT groups vulnerable to psychological disorders. A study says, a bisexual has a higher risk for depression and anxiety compared to other sexual orientations because of rejection or conditions that place a bisexual person to cover up his sexual orientation.
Causes of Bisexual
Bisexual as a sexual orientation with more than one gender does not necessarily make a bisexual divide themselves with equal interest in both the same gender (homosexual) and with a different gender (heterosexual).
Bisexuals can have different interests and don’t always have the same portion of the condition. For example, a bisexual man may be more attracted to women even though he is also attracted to men. This is unique in the condition of bisexual orientation.
Until now, various studies on the causes of a person to be bisexual are still growing. There are various kinds of research on the causes of LGBT sexual orientation. Some of them mention the condition of prenatal hormones to the view that related to sexual orientation as a social construction is still the pros and cons associated with a person’s sexual orientation.
Getting to Know Pansexual
Talking about bisexual, there is another term that describes the sexual attraction experienced by someone who is not limited by gender, namely pansexual. Bisexual is a term used to identify the sexual orientation of more than one gender, either the same gender (homosexual) or a different gender (heterosexual). Meanwhile, in this case, pansexuals use the prefix ‘pan’ which means ‘all’ to refer to the condition of a person who can be sexually attracted to all conditions, not limited to gender.
A bisexual can be sexually and emotionally attracted to a gender classified as male, female, or non-binary (does not identify any gender). But in this case, pansexuals do not use gender preferences at all, but on the basis of their personal interests, such as emotional attraction, appearance to personality. So in this case the condition of a bisexual can often intersect with pansexuality.
Apart from the beliefs that LGBT people have regarding their sexual orientation, the condition of Bisexuality is a sexual orientation that is still attached to various stigmas that exist in society. This condition makes bisexuals more likely to hide their sexual identity and orientation which puts them at risk such as experiencing various pressures and uncomfortable feelings.
This can have an impact on the mental and psychological health of a person with a bisexual sexual orientation. If you experience this condition, you can seek professional help such as a psychologist to help you. The psychology campus also urges not to stigmatize or discriminate against other individuals, including with regard to their sexual orientation.