World Wide Pride Celebrations

LGBTQ Rights in Europe

Dublin LGBTQ Pride Festival

The Future Is Not In Front of Us, It's Inside of Us

Europe Becoming More Tolerant: Positive Side Effects

Gay Pride in Berlin

Study Abroad: Most LGBTQ Friendly Countries

Best Countries for LGBTQ Visitors

Thousands March in Pride Parades Across Europe

Marriage Equality Worldwide

Famous LGBTQ People From United Kingdom

London Pride: Still Important

Best and Worst European Countries for LGBTQ Rights



LGBTQ Rights in Europe

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer rights are widely diverse in Europe per country. 15 out of the 25 countries that have legalised same-sex marriage worldwide are situated in Europe. A further 13 European countries have legalised civil unions or other forms of recognition for same-sex couples.


The governments of Switzerland and the Czech Republic are considering legislation to introduce same-sex marriage. Slovenia has carried out a referendum to legalise same-sex marriage in December 2015 which failed to succeed. In July 2017, both Malta and Germany passed laws on same-sex marriage and went into effect a couple of months later. Same-sex marriage will be legal in Austria from 2019. Armenia and Estonia are the only two countries within Europe that recognises legally performed same-sex marriages overseas, but do not perform them.


Constitutions of Armenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine recognizes marriage only as a union of one man and one woman.

The top three European countries in terms of LGBTQ equality are Malta, Norway and the United Kingdom.


Courts Advancing LGBTQ Rights Worldwide

Paris Hosts Gay Games

Rainbow River at Norwich Pride in UK

German Lawmakers Vote to Legalize Same Sex Marriage

International Gay & Lesbian Association - Europe

Queen of England's Gay Cousin Got Married

Scotland Becomes First Country to Require LGBTQ Curriculum in Schools

Rainbow Riots: LGBTQ Voices From Uganda

Australian Parliament Approves Marriage Equality

First Transgender Woman to Compete in Miss Universe Pageant

LGBTQ Pride in Serbia


Famous LGBTQ People From France

Gerard Araud - France Ambassador to US
Sophie Arnould - Opera Singer

Olivier Ducastel - Film Director, Screenwriter
Christophe Beaugrand - Television Journalist
Marcel Carne - Film Maker
Christian Dior - Fashion designer
Celine Sciamma - Film Director, Screenwriter

Caroline Fourest - Writer, Filmmaker
Jean-Paul Gaultier - Fashion Designer
Guillaume Pepy - Government Official
Ines-Loan Rau - Trans Playboy Model

Jean-Pierre - TV/Radio Food Critic
Yves Saint Laurent - Fashion Designer
Thierry Schaffauser - Actor, Writer, Activist



Current LGBTQ Situation in Europe

What is the current situation of the LGBTQ movement in Europe? The LGBTQ movement in Europe has been around for a long time and has grown immensely over the past decades. However, the environments in which the groups operate vary significantly, from Italy to Finland and the UK to Azerbaijan. The needs of the movement are always unique and need individually tailored responses.


Despite these differences, the movement overall has become increasingly professional. NGOs are run on the basis of democratic governance principles, reflect the movement’s diversity and meet high levels of legal and other accountability standards. This has allowed an increasing number of organisations to carry out their work with paid staff, although many NGOs continue to depend on volunteers for the biggest part of their work.

At the same time, many new groups have emerged and therefore are still in need of more basic capacity building. There are a rapidly increasing number of initiative groups working in cities outside of capitals. Groups representing minority groups within the LGBTQ community are also increasingly their engagement. Think for instance about religious groups or groups based on a certain ethnic background.

ILGA-Europe has invested heavily in building skills to allow other organisations to use a human rights based approach in their work. This approach combines the documentation of and reporting on human rights violations with advocacy work. Together with litigation work that advances the LGBTI rights agenda through the court, this approach has proved tremendously helpful in advancing domestic and regional agendas through an evidence-based approach.

In recent years it has become increasingly important to combine the human rights based approach with efforts that focus on winning the hearts and minds of people over to support LGBTQ issues. The reason for this is simple: legislative debates on LGBTQ issues have become highly visible battles, leading to greater involvement of both supporters and opponents. This means that the capacity of the European movement needs to grow to effectively mobilise its own supporters, to win the backing of politicians, allies and citizens.

The need to raise awareness and campaign has grown rapidly in recent years, combined with an increased pressure on financial resources. Effectively supporting the European movement therefore includes questions around finding sustainable resources to make sure the movement can carry out their work.


[Source: IGLA Europe]

Rainbow Europe: Ranking of LGBTQ Friendly Countries

Romanian Courts Rule LGBTQ Couples Should Have Legal Protection

Proud Dads Going to Dublin LGBTQ Pride Festival with Their Gay Sons

GLAAD Report: LGBTQ Community in Europe

The Future Is Not In Front of Us, It's Inside of Us

Czech Republic Could Be Next for Marriage Equality

Europe Becoming More Tolerant: Positive Side Effects

How LGBTQ Friendly is London?

Luxembourg's Openly Gay Prime Minister and His Partner

Scotland Becomes First Country to Require LGBTQ Curriculum in Schools

First Gay Couple Married in Germany



Famous LGBTQ People From Italy

Gianna Amelio - Film Director
Giorgio Armani - Fashion Designer
Lorenzo Balducci - Actor
Pierre Cardin - Fashion Designer
Immanuel Castro - Singer, Songwriter
Nino Cesarini - Model
Claudio Cipelletti - Film Director
Milly D'Abbraccio - Actor, Porn Star
Domenico Dulce - Fashion Designer
Elenora Duse - Actor

Prospero Farinacci - Lawyer, Judge
Stefano Gabbana - Fashion Designer
Giancarlo Giametti - Businessman
Luca Guadagnino - Film Director
Andrea Occhipinti - Actor
Alfredo Ormando - Writer
Alfonso Signorini - Television Host
Bruno Tonioli - Dancer
Luca Trevisan - Computer Science Professor
Gianni Versace - Fashion Designer



Marriage Equality Worldwide


As of 2018, same-sex marriage is recognized by law (nationwide or in some parts) in the following countries: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay.


Additionally, Armenia, Estonia, and Israel recognize the marriages of same-sex couples validly entered into in other countries. Same-sex marriage was also recently recognized by law in Taiwan and Austria, after constitutional court rulings. Furthermore, after a motion lodged by Costa Rica, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued a ruling in favor of same-sex marriage in January 2018, which is expected to facilitate recognition in several countries in the Americas.


Marriage Equality Worldwide

London Pride: Still Important

Best and Worst European Countries for LGBTQ Rights

Luxembourg's Openly Gay Prime Minister and His Partner

First Gay Couple Married in Germany


Famous LGBTQ People From Spain

Pedro Almodovar - Film Director, Screenwriter
Gretel Ammann - Philosopher, Activist, Writer
Marta Balletbo-Coll - Actor, Director

Jose Villarrubia - Artist

Robert Fernandez Canuto - Film Director, Screenwriter

Nath Sakura - Photographer

Cristobal Balenciaga - Fashion Designer
Isabel Pantoja - Singer
Pio del Rio Hortega - Scientist
Juan Suarez Botas - Illustrator

Angela Ponce Camacho - Trans Model, Miss Spain



Rainbow Europe Index

Which European countries have the best and worst LGBTQ rights?  Countries across Europe need to do more to protect the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people, according to a new index, which says law and policy advances have slowed down across the region.

The Rainbow Europe Index, released in May 2018 by advocacy group ILGA-Europe, ranks 49 countries in the region on their LGBTQ equality laws and policies, giving them a score between 0% (gross violations of human rights, discrimination) and 100% (respect for human rights, full equality).

Azerbaijan fared the worst in this year’s ranking, scoring less than 5% on criteria measuring policies in areas including equality and non-discrimination, legal gender recognition, hate crime and civil society space. ILGA-Europe cited police raids against LGBTQ people and offensive public statements by politicians among the major issues in the country.

Armenia, Turkey and Monaco were also among the poorest performers on the index.

In the European Union, Latvia was the lowest scoring country, with a mark of around 16%, followed by Poland (18%) and Lithuania (21%).

Meanwhile, Malta topped the board for LGBTQ rights, scoring more than 91% with positive steps over the past year, including the legalisation of same-sex marriage in July. Belgium, Norway, the UK and Finland also received high scores for progressive LGBTQ laws and policies.

However, ILGA-Europe noted that only 16 of the 49 countries assessed scored above 50%, with several countries historically seen as “equality trailblazers” failing to make any major advances in the past year.

[Source: Alice Cuddy, Euro News]

Rainbow Europe: Ranking of LGBTQ Friendly Countries

World Wide Pride Celebrations

LGBTQ Rights in Europe

Germany to Recognize Third Gender

Thousands March in Pride Parades Across Europe

Marriage Equality Worldwide

EU Observer: Gay Rights Under Threat

Best and Worst European Countries for LGBTQ Rights



LGBTQ Community in Nordic/Scandinavian Countries


Denmark was the first country in the world to recognize same-sex partnerships back in 1989, and the Scandinavian country officially legalized same-sex marriage in 2012. Gallup ranked Denmark among the “Top Places for Gay People to Live” in the world, and Copenhagen, its capital, was listed among the top cities for expats.

Iceland, which legalized same-sex marriage back in 2010, was recently ranked as the happiest country for gay men. The Nordic island nation was also the first country in the world with an openly gay head of government, Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, who served as prime minister from 2009-2013.

The Netherlands is considered the most gay-friendly country in the world, according to Gallup, and it was also the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2000. Amsterdam, its capital, is a popular destination for LGBTQ tourists and was ranked among the best cities in the world for expats.

Norway legalized same-sex marriage in 2009, became the first country to enact anti-discrimination protections based on sexual orientation in 1981 and is ranked no. 6 on HSBC's best countries for expats. LGBTQ culture is also very visible in the Scandinavian country -- Pride in Oslo is one of Norway's largest events, and the city is also home to one of the world's best gay choirs.

Sweden comes in at no. 8 on both Gallup's list of "Top Places for Gay People to Live" and HSBC's list of best countries for expats. Same-sex marriage has been legal in the Scandinavian country since 2009, and anti-LGBTQ discrimination has been banned since the 80s.


LGBTQ Rights in Norway

Nordic Countries Lead World in LGBTQ Equality

LGBTQ Rights in Iceland

Gay Friendly Sweden

LGBTQ Rights in Finland

Stockholm is a Great Lesbian Destination

LGBTQ Rights in Sweden

What is the LGBTQ Culture Like in the Netherlands?

LGBTQ Youth in Finland

LGBTQ Rights in the Netherlands

Gay Visitors to Iceland

LGBTQ Rights in Denmark

Gay Culture in Sweden



Famous LGBTQ People From Germany

Susanne Baer - Legal Scholar
Erica Brausen - Art Dealer
Manfred Bruns - Civil Rights Activist
Wolfgang Busch - Filmmaker
Dirk Dirksen - Music Promoter
Prince Egon von Furstenberg - Banker, Aristocrat
Wilhelm von Gloeden - Photographer
Alfred Hirsch - Althete, Teacher, Zionist Activist
Ilse Kokula - Educator, Author, Activist

Dora Richter - First known person to undergo gender reassignment surgery

Rudolph Moshammer - Fashion Designer
Michael Mronz - Sports/Events Manager
Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau - Film Director
Ulrike Ottinger - Photographer, Filmmaker
Eva Rieger - Musicologist
Alice Schwarzer - Journalist
Wieland Speck - Film Director
Jorn Weisbrodt - Art Administrator
Felice Schragenheim - World War II Jewish Resistance Fighter
Lilly Wust - World War II Soldier, Activist



LGBTQ Community in Eastern Europe

I have been tracking and reporting on anti-gay tendencies occurring across Europe with a growing frequency. One week I am reporting on a referendum in Slovakia, where conservative groups, backed by the Catholic Church, attempt to put further restrictions on marriage equality. The next week there are massive protests in Slovenia, where the marriage equality law was just past, with thousands threatening to launch contra-referendum to overrule the new legislation. Growing up in the Czech Republic, a post-communist country in the heart of Europe, I have never experienced open hostility towards the LGBTQ community. During the Communist time, the state was too busy with political repression to concern itself with policing sexual orientation. While today, public awareness, media attention, and legal improvements are a showing a steady increase. This has often to do more with curiosity than actual sympathy. However, the LGBTQ community in the Czech Republic has progressed far better than many of its western counterparts. Sometimes, we believe that the way we grow up and the experiences we have encountered must be the standard for everybody else. I thought of Eastern Europe as very liberal and forthcoming in regards to the LGBTQ rights. I could not have been more wrong. More than 16 countries in Europe and Eurasia introduced anti-gay laws, or restricted marriage to solely between woman and man in the past five years, making my experiences from the Czech Republic the exception.

[Source: Michael Krejcova, GLAAD]


Czech Republic Could Be Next for Marriage Equality
Washington Post: Gay Rights in Eastern Europe

UNDP: Being LGBTQ in Eastern Europe

Homonegativity in Eastern Europe



Famous LGBTQ People From United Kingdom

Freddie Mercury - Singer, Songwriter (Queen)
Ian McKellen - Actor
George Michael - Singer, Songwriter
Stephen Fry - Comedian, Actor, Activist
John Albert Bullbrook - Archeologist
Boy George - Singer, Songwriter
Peter Shaffer - Playwright (Equus, Amadeus, Black Comedy)
Christopher Bailey - Businessman
Katherine Gillespie Sells - Activist
Alan Turing - Mathematician, Computer Scientist
Graham Chapman - Comedian, Writer, Actor (Monty Python)
Marc Almond - Singer, Songwriter
Rupert Everett - Actor
Horace Walpole - Politician
Oscar Wilde - Poet
David Burgess - Lawyer
Sue Perkins - Comedian, Actor, Writer
Philip Bourchier O'Ferrall - Media Executive
John Schlesinger - Film Director
Francis Bacon - Philosopher, Scientist, Author
Patrick Trevor-Roper - Eye Surgeon
Dusty Springfield - Pop Singer
Charles Laughton - Stage/Film Actor, Director
John Maynard Keynes - Economist
Sue Sanders - Activist

Lord Byron - Poet
Phyllida LLoyd - Film Director
Maggie Hambling - Painter, Sculptor
John Gielgud - Actor
Stephanie Hirst - Radio/TV Host
Michael Cashman - Politician
Derek Pattinson - Secretary General of General Synod of Church of England
Paul Dehn - Screenwriter
Christine Goodwin - Trans Rights Activist
James Fention - Poet

Simon LeVay - Scientist
Lynda Cash - First Transsexual in Royal Navy
Rob Halford - Singer, Songwriter (Judas Priest)
Matthew Bourne - Choreographer
Noel Coward - Playwright, Composer, Director, Actor
Antony Grey - Activist
Clive Baker - Writer, Film Director, Artist
Neil Tennant - Singer, Songwriter (Pet Shop Boys)
Munroe Bergdorf - Model, Activist
Simon Amstell - Comedian
CD Broad - Philosopher, Historian, Scientist
Ossie Clark - Fashion Designer
Mark Ashton - Activist
Holly Johnson - Musician (Frankie Goes to Hollywood)
Quentin Crisp - Writer
WH Auden - Poet
AE Housman - Scholar, Poet
Basil Hoskins - Actor
John Curry - Olympic Skater
Matthew Rush - Soccer Player
David Hockney - Painter, Photographer

Jasper Conran - Fashion Designer
Algernon Charles Swinburne - Poet, Playwright, Novelist
Carol Ann Stone - Transsexual Anglican Priest
Paul Patrick - Educator, Activist
Keith Milow - Artist
Lionel Blue - Rabbi
John Inman - Sitcom Actor
Kate Craig-Wood - Transsexual IT Entrepreneur
Alexander McQueen - Fashion Designer
Antony Tudor - Dancer
Peter Tatchell - Politician, Activist

Robert Rinder - Judge
Nigel Hawthorne - Actor
Justin Fashanu - Soccer Player
EM Forster - Novelist

Peter Landon - Computer Scientist
Judy Carne - Actor (Laugh In)



Association for Lesbian Gay Bisexual & Transgender Issues in Counseling of Alabama